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How to reduce stress

How to reduce stress

What is stress?
Stress is the bodies response to environmental conditions. Work pressure, surgery, peak hour traffic, finances and relationships can all cause stress in the body. Stress can be described as feeling overwhelmed or worried. The body responds to stress by producing hormones adrenalin and cortisol. Adrenalin increases; heart rate, force of muscle contraction and respiration whereas cortisol inhibits the body’s ability to digest food and lowers the immune system.

The effects of stress on the body

Impairs digestion and contributes to inflammation
Depletes beneficial bacteria in the large intestine
Weakens the immune system
Low mood/depression
Fatigue
Anxiety
Five ways to reduce stress

1.Diet
Improve digestion and reduce inflammation by feeding your brain healthy fats; and your microbiome fibre and fermented foods. A handful of nuts mixed through yoghurt will work a treat.

2.Exercise
Exercise and gentle stretching is shown to have multiple positive effects on the body, including the reduction of stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol. The Department of Health recommends 150-300 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75-150 minutes of vigorous activity each week. This could include walking to work from the train station, weight-based training or kicking the football.

3.Getting outdoors and reconnecting with nature
Studies have found that natural environments improve health and well-being by reducing feelings of stress. People with more access to the outdoors, for example parks, gardens or the ocean, experienced less stress compared to individuals without access or limited access. Stress reducing outdoor activities include hiking, gardening, walking along the beach and sports such as cricket.

4.Meditation
Meditation is commonly used for relaxation and stress reduction. As little as 10 minutes is shown to help control stress levels, decrease anxiety and improve cardiovascular health. Headspace makes meditation easy by offering free guided mediations online.

5.Relaxation
Slow deep regular breathing is a sign of relaxation. If you feel stressed, take a few minutes to try the following breathing technique:

Breathe in slowly and deeply, pushing your stomach out filling your diaphragm with air
Hold your breath briefly
Exhale slowly thinking “relax”
Repeat the entire sequence five to 10 times

Can you spare 10 minutes? What you can do RIGHT NOW to reduce your stress level
Go for a walk, have a snack, turn on your Headspace app or take some deep breaths. Got a little longer? Do them all and reap the calming and mood boosting benefits all day long!

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